y year-end, ETC lanes will become the mainstream, which

h will allow nonstop passage of freight vehicles in addition to passenger vehicles.

The action plan aims for establishing an electronic toll system for China’s expressways by 2025.

The move to dismantle the real tollgates will help resolve traffic jams on provinci

al borders, said Dai Dongchang, vice-minister of transport in a policy briefing in May.

The ministry has piloted dismantling 15 concrete tollgates on provincial borders in three provinces — Jiangsu, Shandong an

d Sichuan – as well as the municipality of Chongqing. Time to pass was greatly reduced from 15 seconds to two seconds f

or passenger vehicles and from 29 seconds to three seconds for freight vehicles.

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